Horse Racing Types Explained

Horse Racing Types Explained

In many countries, such as the UK, Australia, and the US, horse racing is hugely popular.

There are many horse races around the world each week with a huge variety of horses, and jockeys to bet on. The flat race is by far the most popular race where horses sprint against each other to the finish. The jump race is another popular form of racing that requires horses to jump over ditches and fences.

Below are the types of horse races we will focus on in this article:

• Flat Racing
• Stakes Racing
• Jump Racing (National Hunt)
• Harness Racing
• Quarter Horse Racing
• Allowance and Claiming Racing
• Maiden Racing

Flat Racing

The most popular form of horse racing is Flat Racing and is practiced worldwide. The Thoroughbred, known for its endurance is bred and used for this type of racing. The most well-known Flat Races in the world include the Kentucky Derby, Japan Cup, Epson Derby, Dubai World Cup, and the Melbourne Cup, which are televised worldwide.

The track always has a flat-level surface made of turf in Europe and dirt in North America and Asia. Synthetic materials such as Polytrack are also becoming popular.

The most common distance for the Flat Race is between five and twelve furlongs but can be up to two and a half miles (4 km), depending upon the race.

flat horse racing


Stakes Racing

Stake Races are the highest level horse races one can be a part of with very high payouts. The Saudi Cup paid out $30.5 million in 2022, while the Kentucky Derby Triple Crown paid out $3 million in May 2022.

These races are reserved for the most well-known horses, and jockeys in the industry, that have greatly proven themselves over the years. The Thoroughbred is bred for this type of racing, while the Flat Race type is used.

Stakes Horse Racing


Jump Racing – The National Hunt

The National Hunt is a race popular in the United Kingdom, France and Ireland. The horses bred for this type of racing are usually The Thoroughbred mixed with Dutch Warm Blood, French-bred jumpers, and or a combination of different breeds and Origen can be used.

The horses have to jump over many hurdles and or fences with the distance being 2 miles and upwards. The 2 types of Jump Racing include Hurdle racing with many obstacles and Steeplechase racing, which includes fences, open water, and or ditches.

The two most well-known National Hunt races include The Grand National held at the Aintree and the Cheltenham Festival held at the Cheltenham Racecourse. Many of the world’s best-known horses are seen at these events and millions of Pounds are gambled each year.

Jump Horse Racing


Harness Racing

Harness Races are a very unique sport in which the horse must stay at a trot or pace, without ever breaking stride. If they break into a canter or gallop they must be pulled back to the trot which can make them lose ground to their competitors. The horse pulls a 2-wheeled cart called a sulky or chariot which is occupied by the driver.

The horse breed for this type of racing varies between countries, but one distinct feature in each breed is a shorter leg and longer body. In North America, it is always the Standardbred but in Europe, the French Trotters or Russian Trotters are used. In Russia, the Orlov Trotters are preferred, while in Norway, Sweden, and France you will find the Coldblood trotters and Finnhorses.

The richest Standardbred known to date retired in 2019 called ‘Foiled Again’, winning an estimated $7,635,588 USD throughout his career.

Harness Horse Racing


Quarter Horse Racing

The Quarter Horse race is a quarter of a mile long, lasting approx 22 seconds. It runs on a straight dirt track, without any turns. The horse bred for this type of race is the American Quarter Horse. The Quarter Horse can outrun even the Thoroughbred at short distances because of their muscular hind limbs but aren’t well suited as endurance horses.

The All-American Futurity Race is held every Labor Day weekend at Ruidoso Downs with a 3 million dollars purse. The fastest 2-year-old Quarter Horse colt in history to date is ‘Eyesa Special’ with a record speed of 21.097 seconds, winning a 1 Million Dollars prize from the purse.

Quarter Horse Racing


Allowance and Claiming Racing

A claiming race is a race where all the horses are for sale at their specified entered price until the race begins. Before the start of the race, the title is transferred to the new owner if sold, but the purse goes to the former owner if they win. Anyone licensed to own racehorses may claim a horse. Most of the racetracks in the USA hold claiming races.

Most claimed horses don’t normally go on to win anything substantial but one claimed horse ‘Stymie’ did and went on to win 900,000 USD throughout his career. Another horse ‘Maximum Security’ wasn’t claimed but went on to run in the 2019 Kentucky Derby, but was disqualified for interference with other horses, after he was initially thought to be the winner.

An Allowance race is a race where the horse is given weights attached to its saddle to even out the odds of winning. These races are also called conditioned races. If the horse is at a disadvantage it will likely carry less weight. An example of a horse given less weight is if they are younger, has an inexperienced jockey, or is female(Filly). An example of a horse getting more weight would be if they have proven itself, they have an experienced jockey, or is male(Stallion).

Both the Oaks and the Epsom Derby are handicap races and examples of races where the horses carry weights. The Thoroughbred horse is used in both the Allowance and Claiming races.

Each race will have conditions attached such as the Grand National week in Aintree, UK. This race is called The Liverpool Hurdle race and is 4,964 meters long, contains 13 hurdles, and is for horses 4 years and older. The mares and Fillies get a 7 pounds allowance, while the 4-year-olds get 13 pounds and 10 stones of weight and the 5 years olds will carry an additional 8 pounds on top of that.

Race Waiver Claiming 6 Furlongs


Maiden Racing

Horses are referred to as Maidens if they haven’t won a race. These races are considered entry-level races and can consist of set weights, weight for age, and or handicaps. In the USA Maiden races rank above the Claiming race but in some races, the Maiden horse can be claimed.

A horse will be considered a Maiden if they haven’t won a race for example in Flat racing, but their status would change if they entered a Jump race, in which they have had a prior win. Some Maiden horses have become famous and have done well for themselves even without any wins. An example is ‘Zippy Chippy’ who had 100 starts with zero wins but still managed to place several times with $30,000 in prize money won throughout his career. Another is ‘Vote For Lust’ who had placed 10 times throughout his 86-time start career, winning $20,000 in prize money.

Race Maiden Special Weight


Horse Racing Strategy

Horse Racing differs from many other sports when it comes to betting such as soccer due to a large number of competitors in each race.

In soccer markets, for instance, most bets involve no more than 3 outcomes – the home side to win, the away side to win or draw for instance, or over/under 2.5 goals in the game.

In horse racing, there are often 10 or more horses racing who could potentially win meaning very different strategies are needed.

Every day you are likely to find a number of races to bet on –and we outline the most popular types of horse racing bets here.

Research your horse/jockey

Most newspapers and many websites that promote a race meeting will give information on the form of each horse in their previous few races. Taking this into account, as well as the expected weather. Some horses do better on dry ground when there is no rain than on wet ground when rain is expected for example. Also, the length of the course – like human runners, stamina comes into effect as not every race is over the same length – and the jockey for each horse (if the jockey and horse have worked together before they may have an advantage over a combination that haven’t.

You should also check if there are any known injuries the horse may have that could hamper the outcome. Or falls the jockey has had that could affect their confidence and the experience the horse has had in recent times.

Don’t always go for the favorite

Yes, there will be a reason that a horse starts at lower odds than others, but that shouldn’t be the be-all and end-all when you come to choosing which to bet on. Very rarely will you see a meeting of 5/6 races where the favorite wins every race. The larger the field, the less likely it is the favorite will win as all it takes is for them to get blocked off by another horse at a crucial time. Or a horse to land near to them in a jump race, and the dangers involved in such a race and the ability of a jockey to navigate out of such a situation.

Large fields can be more profitable

Like any betting event, the more participants the better the odds for some. Even when you are betting on a horse to be placed, for example, having 4 or 5 more horses can make a big difference to starting odds when compared to a smaller field.

Shop around when you decide where to place your bets

There are a large number of betting sites that focus more on horse racing than others. These can often pay out more horses in specific races than other sites or offer enhanced odds on some horses. Horse Racing is the sport more than any other where it really does pay to shop around before placing a bet, especially as some will offer boosts on specific races as well.

The History of Horse Betting

Horse Racing itself dates back to around 4,500 BC as a popular sport amongst Central Asian tribesmen who are believed to have had the first documented domestic horses.

Since then, it has become one of the most bet-on sports in the world, especially around some of the most popular meetings such as Cheltenham. The biggest races like the Grand National and The Derby attract horses from all over the world and mega prize money for the winning owners and jockeys.

Bet within your means

This applies to any sport you bet on, if the enjoyment stops then it may be time to stop betting. If your horse gets beaten right at the end of a race by a nose and the difference between winning and losing the bet has an adverse effect on your health, there are numerous organizations from where you can get help depending on where you live.

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Types of Horse Racing Bets

Horse Racing is one of the most popular sports to bet on but can be one of the hardest to master.

Due to the different sizes of the fields, from 3 or 4 horses all the way up to the likes of the Grand National which normally has 40 horses starting, the number of winners for each race varies enormously and also depends on the bookmaker you bet with.

Below are the types of horse racing bets we will focus on in this article:

• Win Only Bet
• Place Bet
• Accumulators
• Exotic Bets
• Horizontal Bets
• Vertical Bets
• Straight Exactas
• Straight Trifectas
• Straight Superfectas
• Boxing Bets

Win Only Bet

This is a simple one to understand, you are betting on which horse will win a race. If your choice wins, you win, if they finish 2nd or after, the bet is a loser.

Place Bet

This is where things start to get a bit more complicated. The number of horses that place depends on the number that starts the race. It can also vary from bookmaker to bookmaker depending on how important horse racing is to their players.

As an example, in a race of 10 horses, a bookmaker may pay out the top 3 places. When you place a bet, half the stake will normally go on your horse to win – if they win, this half pays out at the odds the horse started the race at and the other half will pay out at 1/3 of that.

If your horse finishes 2nd or 3rd, then half your stake will lose and the other half will pay out at 1/3 of the horse’s starting odds.

A larger field can see up to 5 or 6 horses being paid out at the respective odds – if 5 horses are paid, you will receive 1/5 of their starting odds or 1/6 if there are 6 paid out.

It is also worth mentioning that some bookmakers will offer the best odds for certain races or more horses paid out than their competitors. If you are betting on horse racing, always keep an eye out for special offers.


This is betting on more than one race and the winner or horse to place in each. If all these bets come in, the bet is a winner, otherwise, if 1 or more loses then the entire bet has settled a loser.

Exotic Bets

Exotic bets come in 2 main forms, vertical and horizontal, and can offer huge odds if you correctly predict them.

Horizontal Bets

These are bets where you need to choose the winner or a set number of races in order to win. A daily double for example is 2 races where you need to choose the winner of both to win the bet. The pick of 6 offers a much larger prize but you will need to choose the winner of 6 consecutive races. With 15-20 horses running, this is a very hard bet to win but can include life-changing amounts if you manage to predict each winner.

Vertical Bets

Whilst Horizontal Bets take in a certain number of races, a Vertical Bet is based on one specific race but involves correctly guessing the first few horses in that race, not just the race winner.

Straight Exactas

Correctly predict the horse that finishes 1st and the horse that finishes 2nd to win the bet.

Straight Trifectas

Predict the winner, 2nd place horse and 3rd place horse, in that specific order, to win the bet.

Straight Superfectas

To win the Straight Trifectas you need to guess the order of the first 4 horses as opposed to the first 3.

Boxing Bets

If the above bets sound very hard to win, it is because they are. It is hard enough to guess the winner of a race containing 10 horses, let alone the first 3 in the exact finishing order.

An alternative is a Boxing Bet

This type of bet lets you choose a set number of horses and then place every combination of those horses to finish in the top x of the race.

For example, if you choose 3 horses then you will place a Straight Trifecta for every combination of those 3 horses finishing in the top 3. Each bet costs the same amount so it is more expensive than a standard trifecta, however even if you bet a small amount on each option you can win a lot if you choose the 3 horses that finish in the top 3.

If you choose 4 horses, it will cost more as you will cover each combination of Straight Superfectas but again, it will pay a lot if the four horses you choose make up the top 4.

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Soccer Strategy & Tactics

Soccer is the most popular sport worldwide when it comes to fans and betting.

Therefore, the opportunities to bet on soccer have increased more than in other sports over the years with a whole host of markets available. These include both pre-event – bets placed before a match starts, and in-play – betting on a soccer match when it is in play.

We have done a separate article on the types of Soccer markets you can bet on here.

Before starting out, however, it is important to consider what betting strategy will work best for you.

Soccer Betting Strategies

The first thing to remember is that the bookmakers who decide on the lines/odds of each event will have a large number of years of experience within soccer and are there to make sure the bookies they work with don’t lose money.

Therefore, at least a small amount of research is recommended before you start betting on soccer such as knowing your cities from your units and your ACs from your Inters.

There are so many markets to bet on that unless you have some experience of watching Soccer you can feel lost with all the options available.

Most bookmakers will have a stats section that can show information such as the form of each team, their position in the relevant league, which player/s are expected to miss out through injury or suspension and much more. This is a solid place to begin when thinking about your bets.


Many bettors will only look at the basic markets such as which teams will win, how many goals there will be, who will score first etc.

One of the lesser-used markets is over or under total corners in the match which can depend on how attacking each team is likely to be.

Checking previous corners for both teams can be a good marker for how a team will play, some will look to win corners of the defender when in an advanced position if they do well from set-pieces and these teams can be expected to win an above-average number, especially when at home playing against a team they are expected to beat.

Double Chance

Whilst not that good as a pre-event market due to the reduced odds you will get betting on 2 of the 3 possible outcomes (home win, away win or draw) rather than just the 1, this market can be good when the team you are backing falls behind.

For example, if the home team is a firm favorite before the match but concedes an early goal, the odds of them winning or drawing will be a good bet when they are behind. After all, if they were firm favorites to win and have plenty of time to turn things around, if they score the 2nd goal the odds you will have got when they were behind will be very different.

Betting on Favourites

The odds of an accumulator (betting on the outcome of more than one game) can be considerably better than betting on one match at a time.

If you place a bet on 5 teams to win in one bet, you will be getting much better odds than betting on one team and then using winnings on one more team each time for 5 separate bets. This also has the added advantage of some sites offering boosted odds for each bet (5 boosted odds are much better than 1) and also offer Acca insurance which gives you your money back as a free bet if one game lets you down.

Yes, you need all events to win in order for the bet to be settled as a winner, but the advantages of this bet far outweigh the negatives, especially as you can normally cash out your bets at any time if you prefer.

Over/Under Goals

Finally, a good market to look at is total goals in a game, if you have 2 sides that like to attack and who tend to score a lot whilst conceding, this can provide you with good returns. Unlike betting on a team to win, you can win this bet after a few minutes if there are early goals. If you bet on over 2.5 goals in the match, should 3 goals be scored in the first 30 minutes, your bet will be declared a winner without the need for the match to finish.

Soccer Betting Tips


Like any form of gambling, a bankroll is important. If you have a set amount you are prepared to lose, try and ensure each bet only uses a % of this bankroll as opposed to the full amount as this will increase your enjoyment. There is nothing worse than losing all your funds in the first game and the temptation to then deposit and bet again is likely to be higher.

Only bet what you can afford

At the end of the day, betting should be enjoyable, and if you get to the stage where it isn’t then it is time to walk away. If you feel you are betting too much, there are organizations that can help you depending on where you live.

Look at futures

If you want to get more excited for your money, look at long-term bets which last a number of months as opposed to just one game. An example would be team A winning their league come to the end of the season or getting promoted to a higher league. In this type of bet, you cannot lose in just one game but you can cheer your team/s on each time they are playing in the hope of getting closer to the winning line.

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Soccer Bet Types – Here’s What Wagers You Can Make

Most popular leagues

Whilst there are many different teams you can bet on in soccer, some of the biggest European leagues tend to be the most popular.
These are:

•Premier League in England
•La Liga in Spain
•Serie A in Italy
•Bundesliga in Germany
•Ligue 1 in France

Every 4 years, there is a World Cup that sees some of the biggest countries in the world come together to battle it out for the title of World Champion.

Each continent also has its own tournament such as the European Championships and Africa Cup of Nations.

All of these offer great opportunities for betting on a range of different markets.

Soccer Markets

There is a huge range of markets to bet on when betting on soccer, some of which are outlined below.


Who will win a league or cup? These tournaments can last up to 9 months so are normally considered a long-term bet but can lead to very good odds. When Leicester City won the Premier League in England in the 2016 season, for example, you could have backed them at 5,000 to 1 at the start of the season – a $10 bet would have won you $50,000!

3-way Moneyline

Who will win a specific match – The home team, the away team, or the match ending in a draw.

Double Chance

Most popular in play when one team leads, this bet gives you 2 of the 3 options of a Moneyline – so home team or draw, away team or draw, or home team or away team.

Draw No Bet

This essentially makes the 3-way Moneyline into a 2 way market, voiding the bet if it ends in a draw in return for much lower odds.

Over/Under Goals Market

The normal amount is over or under 2.5 goals in a game. If you bet over, 3 or more goals after 90 minutes mean you win. 2 or fewer goals give you a win if you bet the under. You can also bet over/under 1.5 goals, 3.5 goals, etc depending on how brave you are feeling.

Correct Score

This is a simple bet on the final score of a match, such as 1 – 1 or 2 – 0 to the home side. Remember there are a lot of potential scores before a match begins so you are less likely to win this bet than if you simply predict the outcome on a 3-way Moneyline, but the odds you get reflect this.

First Goalscorer

The player that will score the first goal of the game. You can also bet on the last goalscorer – who will score the final goal. Or there is the anytime scorer, which is a player that will score a goal at any time during the match.

Half Time/ Full Time

Correctly guessing the outcome at both half time and full time. An example would be a draw at half time with the home side winning at full time.

Over/Under Corners Market

The same as the Over/Under Goals Market but with corners.

Player to be Carded

The player you choose will need to be shown a yellow or red card during the match for this bet type to be a winner.

Asian Handicap

Guess the outcome of a match when a specific team has a number of goals added or removed. An example would be a home favorite winning with a handicap of -1.5. They would need to win the match by 2 goals for this bet to be a winner.

You can also bet on the away side with a handicap of +1.5. This bet would win if the home side wins by one goal, and the match ends in a draw, or the away side wins.

Both Teams to Score

A bet that wins if both teams score at least one goal irrespective of the final result. You can also bet that both teams won’t score which wins if either side keeps a clean sheet.

Match Result and Over 2.5 Goals

This is a combination bet on who will win the match and that there will be at least 3 goals scored by both teams combined. You can also bet on the match result and both teams’ scores.

Total Team Goals

This relates to a specific team within a match rather than both teams combined. An example would be the home team to score 3 or more goals which will win if they score 3 goals or more on their own but not if they only score 2 and the away side scores 1.


This is a bet on 2 or more matches where the outcome of the bet needs all legs to win in order to be settled as a winner. The more matches you bet on, the higher the odds. It is worth keeping an eye out for sites that offer boosts that increase the odds on each game or Acca insurance which sees you getting your money back as a free bet if one bet lets you down.

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How to Choose An Online Casino

With the online gambling market so saturated right now, everyone’s looking for the best ways to choose a reputable online Casino. Finding them is easier said than done. Any casino can call itself the best, but there’s a methodology that actually allows us to rightfully determine the most reputable gambling sites in the industry.

In this guide, we’ll show you how to rate and choose the right casino site for you. Players will also learn how to recognize top-notch gaming sites where they can enjoy an A+ experience.

How We Rate the Top Online Gambling Sites

There are plenty of factors to check in depth before you decide to deposit in the correct online casino. The best gambling sites have a great game variety, rewarding bonuses, and a few unique features too. They need to be above average and pass the test in the following categories:

  • Reputable Licensing Jurisdictions
  • SSL Encryption Certificate
  • Third-Party Testing Audit Reports
  • Fair Terms and Conditions
  • Easy Deposit and Withdrawal Process
  • Security of Funds
  • Fast Withdrawals
  • Decent Payout Rates
  • Top-Notch Support
  • Generous Bonuses With Fair Bonus T&C
  • Great Mobile Experience & Apps
  • Generous VIP Program


Best Bonuses & Promotions

Online casinos have bonuses and promos players can get excited about. These include mouthwatering welcome packages, deposit, and no deposit bonuses, free spins, and more.

  • No Deposit Bonuses: a no deposit bonus will give you extra money without making a deposit after signing up. These bonuses will typically come with maximum cashouts and higher wagering requirements.
  • Deposit Bonus: a deposit bonus with or without free spins is the most common welcome offer you’ll find at online casinos.
  • No Wagering Bonuses: a no wagering bonus is as rare as a unicorn. Many players consider it the best casino bonus since you don’t need to wager it to claim your winnings.
  • High Roller Bonuses: if you’re not a stranger to spending big on online slots or roulette tables, you’ll find high roller bonuses appealing. These bonuses can be found at most online casinos within their VIP programs and are bigger and bolder than any other option.


Evaluating The Games on Offer

The game selection is one of the most important evaluations we make when determining if a casino site is worthy to add to our recommended lists. We make sure they are powered by the most reputable software providers and have multiple versions of your favorite games. Popular games such as slots, video poker, poker, craps, blackjack, roulette, keno and scratch cards have to make the list. Those who like spinning slots will have hundreds of options to choose from. If you prefer to play table games such as online blackjack or poker, you will find many versions of each and or live dealer versions.

Licensing, Auditing & Safety

Making sure a casino is licensed is vital and by a reputable jurisdiction such as Malta, the UK or Gibraltar. An SSL Encryption Certificate makes sure all your confidential banking details and personal information are kept safe and secure. When it comes to Third-Party Testing this will ensure fairness, randomness, and regulatory compliance by agencies such as eCOGRA, iTech Labs, Technical Systems Testing (TST), or Gaming Laboratories International (GLI), etc.

How To Rank Fairness and Reputation

Always read gambling site’s player reviews online to get a real picture of their reputation. If many players believe the casino is unfair, that may very well be the case. We scour through hundreds of player complaints and comments so you don’t have to and rank our casinos accordingly.

Fast & Secure Banking Options

From bank transfers to PayPal, Neteller, Skrill, and possibly pay by phone options, all gambling sites should offer a variety of deposit and withdrawal options.

Countries Accepted

Many casinos are region-locked, so ideally, players should look for a real money casino that operates around the world and is licensed in the country you live in.

Unique Features

While not a dealbreaker, online gambling sites will have a unique feature like a tiered VIP club. Also, a reputable site will have an easy sign-up process, easy navigation, and be visually appealing.

Mobile Compatibility

Mobile casinos will allow you to play on the go via a dedicated app or a mobile website. It’s 2022, and there should be no casino without mobile optimization.

Transparency and Longevity

It’s very important that a reputable online casino be transparent in everything they do. This can include player-friendly terms, and bonus terms & conditions visibly present without having to read through pages to find them. When it comes to longevity this is also important as we can evaluate player complaints to see how the casino handles these and whether they resolve the issue in a timely matter.

Customer Support

We test each casino by emailing them to see how long it takes for them to respond and if they are efficient in helping to solve the query. This is vital for casinos with email-only support. Casinos with knowledgeable phone and live chat support are always the easiest and quickest way to get a problem solved and are ideal when it comes to customer support.

Popular Software Providers

There are hundreds of software providers in the igaming industry powering the best classic, jackpot and themed slots as well as the most exciting table games. The list is endless and includes Play’N Go, Betsoft, NetEnt, IGT, Evolution Gaming, Red Tiger Gaming…

Microgaming: known for its range of progressive jackpots, Microgaming has established itself as the leader in iGaming. Featured at the best slot sites, it has a massive portfolio that stretches over 500 slots and casino games. The only thing missing in its catalog is live dealer games.

Real Time Gaming: a professional game studio that’s featured at top online casinos, RTG develops high-paying slots typically with a classic narrative. It has also developed several popular jackpots and a range of table and card games including blackjack, roulette, and poker.

Playtech: Playtech is one of the top providers in the industry, known for the variety of slots in its lobby. Its Age of the Gods and Kingdoms Rise local jackpot slot series feature dozens of entries and have millions of fans. The studio also develops RNG and live dealer variants of roulette, blackjack, and poker.

FAQs How To Evaluate And Choose An Online Casino

Can I play slots and casino games for free?

Absolutely. The best slots to play are available for free at the top casinos. Keep in mind that the casino will either need you to register for this or will let you play the games for fun without signing up.

Are online casinos safe to play at?

The top online casinos will guarantee your safety via firewalls, SSL encryption, and having a proper license. They are fully safe and secure, so you shouldn’t worry about the legal side of things or otherwise.

Do all online casinos pay winnings?

The less reputable sites will certainly have a problem paying out. That’s why players should always choose an online casino from our recommended list.

Which online casino pays the fastest?

Fast payouts should be a non-negotiable feature in 2022. Many casino sites offer instant withdrawals on specific payment methods, which can range from a few hours to a few days.

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Blackjack Rules Strategies & Tips!

A Crash Course In Blackjack

Blackjack is a card game that, along with Roulette and Slots, is one of the most popular games in casinos, both online and offline.

The game is played against a Dealer with the aim of getting a higher score than them and as close to 21 as possible without ‘Busting’ – going over. It is normally played with either 6 or 8 decks of cards and can involve several other Players, all of whom are playing directly against the Dealer.

How to Play Blackjack

Goal of the game

The aim of the game is to beat the Dealer’s hand. You do this by getting your hand as close to 21 as possible without going over this amount and ‘Busting’.

Card values

1. All numbered cards from 2 to 10 are counted at face value.

2. All picture cards (Jack, Queen, and King) count as 10.

3. An Ace can be either 1 or 11.

Setting-up the game

1. Set your budget – We recommend that you take the equivalent of 40 hands to a table before you sit down and start playing.

2. Choose your table – All will have a minimum and maximum amount you can bet, choose one where you can play a hand for around a fortieth of your budget. i.e. if you have a bankroll of £200, you should be looking at playing £5 per hand.

3. Take a seat – You can choose any empty seat at the table, more than one if you wish, and whilst the choice of the seat makes no difference to the outcome of any given hand, the Dealer starts from one end when dealing and the action starts with the first Player to be dealt with and goes around until everyone has finished.

4. Decide how much you would like to change up and play with. These funds are then changed into Chips which are used for the game, you can cash them into real money and walk away at the end of any hand.

Blackjack Rules

1. Place your bet (Remember, if there is room at the table you can play more than 1 hand if you do this you will need to place a bet for each hand you wish to play).

2. You will be dealt 2 cards face up so all other Players and the Dealer can view them.

3. The Dealer normally deals 2 cards for him/her, 1 face-up, and 1 face down. Some versions of Blackjack see the Dealer giving themselves 1 card only at this point (in this case, the 2nd card is dealt face up after all Players have finished their actions).

4. You now need to decide your move on each of your hands. The 2 main choices are Hit or Stand. Hit means receive another card. Stand means you don’t want another card and you are satisfied with what you have. If you Stand, you take no further action in the hand, if you Hit you have the same decision to make again after receiving your next card. There are sometimes 3 other decisions you can make, Double, Split, and Insurance. These will be explained later.

5. After all, Players have completed their hands, the Dealer deals him/herself cards until they have at least 17. It is worth noting that the Dealer has no say in what they do, they have to Hit until they get at least 17, even if all Players have only 15 and the Dealer has 16.

6. Once the dealer has 17, 18, 19, 20, or 21 he will Stand. If he gets 22 or more, the dealer busts, and all Players left in the hand win.

As mentioned above, there are 3 other actions you can sometimes take:

Double Down

This Doubles your bet (you need to place a further bet for the same amount as your initial bet) and gives you 1 further card, after which your hand is finished irrespective of what card you get. If you win, you get Double your total bet.

You would normally only Double if you have a 9, 10, or 11 and the Dealer doesn’t have an Ace or a 10 – See the chart below for more details.

Split Cards

If you get 2 cards of the same value, you can Split them and play with 2 hands, each containing 1 of the cards. You will need to pay a bet equal to your initial bet and you will get dealt another card for each hand. You then decide for each hand whether to Hit or Stand. If you get 21 after Splitting, this only counts as 21 and not Blackjack. If you Split Aces, you will only get dealt 1 more card and will then need to Stand. At most casinos, if your 2nd card is the same as the first, you will be allowed to Split again if you wish.

Blackjack Insurance

If the Dealer shows an Ace as their face-up card, all Players have the option of Insurance. If you choose to take Insurance, you will place a bet equal to half your initial bet. If the Dealer then gets Blackjack, so the 2nd card has a value of 10, you will get Double your bet, if not you lose the Insurance bet.

The game ends

1. The hand ends for a Player when either your hand goes over 21 meaning you Bust and lose your bet, or when the Dealer completes their actions.

2. Once the Dealer has completed their action, the payouts take place for all remaining Players still in the hand.

3. If you have a higher total than the Dealer and both totals are 21 or below, you win the hand and get Double your bet. If you and the Dealer have the same total, you Push the hand and get your stake back (Unless one of you has 21 with their first cards, known as Blackjack and the other has 21 with 3 cards or more, in which case whoever has Blackjack will win the Hand). If the Dealer has a higher total than you and both are 21 or less, the Dealer wins and you lose your stake.

4. If the Dealer gets over 21, they Bust and all remaining Players win Double their stake.

5. If you get 21 with 2 cards, you have Blackjack, and if the Dealer doesn’t have 21 with their first 2 cards, you get 1.5 your bet back, as well as the bet itself – equivalent to 2.5 times your bet. If the Dealer also has Blackjack, you Push and get your stake returned.

blackjack rules

Example of how a Blackjack table may look, including details of the Payouts.

Blackjack Definitions


Hit means to draw another card. You can request a hit as many times as you like, but if your total goes over twenty-one, you will bust and lose the hand.


Stand means the player receives no more cards. The hand as it currently stands will be judged against the dealers.


If you have two cards of the same denomination, a Split button will appear. You can split your cards into two hands and play each hand separately. Your original bet will be duplicated for the new hand. Each hand will be played out as usual except when splitting Aces, where only one additional card per hand is dealt. The split option can only be used once per hand — you cannot split part of a split hand. Any winning 21 obtained after splitting a pair is paid 1-to-1.

Double Down

If you select this option, two things will happen: you will get exactly one more card, your turn will end, and your bet will be doubled.


Where permitted (usually on a Blackjack Surrender table), a player may give up his first two cards and lose only one-half his original bet.

Blackjack Payouts

If you win the hand, you will get back your original bet plus the same amount in profit. A hand that consists of an Ace and any ten-value card is called a natural twenty-one, or a natural blackjack (except in the case of a Split hand – see details above). If you win with a natural blackjack, you will be paid off at three-to-two, which means you get your original bet back plus a 150% profit. (So if you bet £50 and win with a natural twenty-one, you get £50 (your bet) plus £75 (your bet plus half of your bet), which totals to £125).

Blackjack Odds

Knowing the blackjack odds will make you a better player and hopefully beat the odds when playing at a casino. If you want to apply any gambling strategy successfully you need to know the odds of the game you’re playing. It goes without saying but we’ll say it anyway: the odds are always in favor of the house. How else do you think they can create billion-dollar mega-casinos in Las Vegas? The Blackjack rules are carefully structured to ensure a house edge. But just how heavily are the Blackjack odds weighed in favor of the house? If you’re a smart player, you know the house edge is not as great as one might think – and certainly not insurmountable. You will be able to calculate the following:

  1. Blackjack odds variations
  2. Odds of busting
  3. Player advantage VS dealer up-card


Blackjack Odds Variations

If you want to be serious about playing blackjack you need to be able to calculate your odds for the game you’re playing. The blackjack odds depend on the different types of rule variations. Some online blackjack sites can be unclear about this so you need to pay attention. You can also adjust your blackjack strategy according to these rules. The following table shows the effect that rule variations have on the player’s expected return after taking the proper strategy adjustments. These changes are relative to the standard Atlantic City rules which result in a player’s expected return of -0.43%: 8 decks, dealer stands on soft 17, the player can double on any first 2 cards, the player may double after splitting and the player may split to 4 hands. I will explain some of the rule variations under the table.

Rule VariationsEffect
Five Card Charlie+1.46%
Player 21-points is automatic winner+0.54%
Early surrender against ace+0.39%
Early surrender against ten+0.24%
Player may double on any number of cards+0.23%
Player may draw to split aces+0.19%
Six card Charlie+0.16%
Player may resplit aces+0.08%
Late surrender against ten+0.07%
Seven card Charlie+0.01%
Late surrender against ace+0.00%
Split to only 2 hands-0.01%
No-peek: ace showing-0.01%
Player may double on 9-10-11 only-0.09%
No-peek ten showing-0.10%
Player may not resplit-0.10%
Player may not double after splitting-0.14%
Player may double on 10-11 only-0.18%
Blackjack pays 6-5-1.39%
Player loses 17 ties-1.87%
Blackjack pays 1 to 1-2.27%
Player loses 17-18 ties-3.58%
Player loses 17-19 ties-5.30%
Player loses 17-20 ties-8.38%
Player loses 17-21 ties-8.86%
Dealer bust on 22 is a push-9.53%


Five, six and seven-card Charlie:

a Charlie is an automatic winner, so in a six-card Charlie the player wins on any six-card hand that didn’t bust.

No-peek rule:

The dealer doesn’t peek to see if he has a Blackjack.

How to calculate? You start with the basic Atlantic City rules (-0.43%) and take the rule variations according to the game you are playing to calculate the effect it has on the expected return. For example “Player may double on any number of cards” (+0.23%) and “Player may not resplit” (-0.10%). The expected player return would now be -0.43% +0.23% -0.10%= -0.30%. These blackjack odds (-0.30%) are better for the player than under the standard Atlantic City rules (-0.43).

Blackjack Odds of busting

This table is used to calculate the blackjack odds of the player busting if he hits. This can be useful but I think a smart person already knows that if he hits on 16 he has more chances of busting when he hits on 12.

Hand % Bust if hit
11 or less0%


Player advantage VS the dealers up-card

This table is more useful than the odds of busting because it calculates how much the dealer’s up-card has a positive effect on your odds and the odds of him/her (the dealer) busting.

Dealer Up Card Dealer bust % Player Advantage %


Blackjack Basic Strategy

For Blackjack Basic Strategy the first thing to look at is the tables below. This has details of what you should do to optimize your chances with every version of your starting hand versus the Dealers visible card.

It is useful if you can remember this as best you can to give you the best possible advantage against the House.

If your hand contains an Ace, look at the 2nd chart, if you have a pair the same value, look at the bottom chart. For all others, the top chart is the place to look.

Blackjack Chart

Use this Blackjack strategy chart as a cheatsheet if you will. It will help you memorize what actions to take with your opening hand.
blackjack Strategy

How to Play Hard Hands:

A hard hand is two starting cards that do not contain an ace.

If you have eight or less, always Hit.
If you have Nine: Double if the Dealer has 3 to 6 – otherwise Hit.
If you have Ten: Double if the Dealer has 2 to 9 – otherwise Hit.
If you have Eleven: Double if the Dealer has 2 to 10, Hit if the Dealer has Ace.
If you have Twelve: Hit if the Dealer has 2 or 3, Stand if the Dealer has 4 to 6, otherwise Hit.
If you have 13- 16: Stand if the Dealer has 2 to 6, otherwise, Hit.
If you have 17 – 21: Always Stand.

How to Play Soft Hands:

A soft hand is when one of your starting hands contains an ace.

If you have Ace 2 or Ace 3: Double if the Dealer has 5 or 6 – otherwise Hit.
If you have Ace 4 or Ace 5: Double if the Dealer has 4 to 6 – otherwise Hit.
If you have Ace 6: Double if the Dealer has 3 to 6 – otherwise Hit.
If you have Ace 7: Stand if the Dealer has 2, 7 or 8. Double 3 -to 6 – otherwise Hit.
If you have Ace 8 or Ace 9: Always Stand.

How to Play Pairs

If you have a pair of Aces or Eights: Always Split.
If you have a pair of twos or threes: Split if the Dealer has 2 – 7, otherwise Hit.
If you have a pair of fours: Split if the Dealer has 5 or 6 – otherwise Hit.
If you have a pair of fives: Double if the Dealer has 2 to 9 – otherwise Hit.
If you have a pair of sixes: Split if the Dealer has 2 to 6 – otherwise Hit.
If you have a pair of sevens: Split 2 to 7 – otherwise Hit.
If you have a pair of nines: Split 2 to 6, and 8 or 9. Stand if the Dealer has 7, 10 or Ace.
If you have a pair of tens: Always Stand.

Strategy Card

Blackjack Strategy Card

Blackjack Tips

Taking Insurance or Even Money

Blackjack is a gambling game, so hedging your bet and playing safe by taking Insurance or even money doesn’t make much sense. In around 7 out of ten instances the Dealer shows an Ace they will not have blackjack, so buying Insurance is a losing long-term strategy and should be avoided.

Splitting Tens when Dealer shows 6

It is always a good idea to maximize your bets when the Dealer shows a 6 as this gives them the biggest chance of Busting, and although you will still expect to make money if you Split (less than $18 extra per $100), you can expect to make over $70 per $100 in bets by doing nothing and Standing on 20. There is a high chance that the Dealer will Bust, so always Stand on a hard 17 or greater.

Standing on 16 when Dealer shows Ace

Standing on 16 when the Dealer has a Ten is not nearly as bad as when the Dealer has an Ace. There is a good chance you will Bust when Hitting on 16, but at least you give yourself a chance to win or push the hand, otherwise in order to win you have to count on the Dealer Busting with an Ace.

Standing on Soft 18 when Dealer shows 6

As mentioned above, the Dealer having a 6 is the best possible hand for the Player as it presents the best chance of the Dealer Busting. You need to, therefore, try and maximize your returns in this situation, so Double and try to take down a bigger win. You can’t bust by taking one more card, so go for it!

Standing on Soft 18 when Dealer shows 9

This is a common one, and although 18 isn’t a bad total in Blackjack, when the Dealer has a 9 there is a high chance they will get a Ten or an Ace (38% of the time to be exact), so give yourself a chance to win and Hit it!

Hitting 11 when Dealer shows Ten

One of the best things about Blackjack is being able to control when to put more money on the table. If you have an 11 and the Dealer doesn’t get more money down by Doubling. You can expect to make about $18 for every $100 you bet, while Hitting will only earn you about $12.

Standing on a 12 when Dealer shows 2

This one divides Players a lot as plenty won’t want to risk Busting. However, there are plenty of cards that can save a Dealer who has a 2, so instead of hoping they Bust, take another card and try and get a better total.

Doubling 11 when Dealer shows Ace

Any time the Dealer has an Ace you need to be cautious. Just Hit instead of Doubling, there is no point betting more money against the Dealers Ace.

Hitting 2/2 when Dealer shows 7

Another important one of our Blackjack tips. Twos are actually reasonable cards to start with for a Player. It is likely the Dealer has a “stiff hand” or a 17, therefore Split that 2/2 and make some money.

Hitting 4/4 when Dealer shows 6

There is a consensus that you should Double 4/4 against a 6 to try and maximize your returns as the Dealer has a high chance of Busting, but we would recommend you Split the hand against a Dealers 6. When the Dealer shows a 6, you generally want to play as many hands as possible because the Dealer is likely to Bust.

Related Blackjack Articles:

Counting Cards in Blackjack
Blackjack Multi-Deck vs Single-Deck
Real Money Blackjack Sites

Reglas de Blackjack Estrategias y Consejos!

Reglas, estrategias, consejos y probabilidades en Blackjack

Blackjack es un juego de cartas que, junto con la ruleta y las ranuras, es uno de los juegos más populares en los casinos, tanto en línea como fuera de línea.

El juego se juega contra un crupier con el objetivo de obtener una puntuación más alta que ellos y lo más cerca posible de 21 como sea posible sin ‘Busting’ — repasando. Normalmente se juega con 6 u 8 barajas de cartas y puede involucrar a varios otros jugadores, todos los cuales están jugando directamente contra el crupier.

Cómo Jugar Blackjack

Objetivo del juego

El objetivo del juego es vencer la mano del crupier. Haces esto acercando tu mano lo más cerca posible de 21 sin repasar esta cantidad y ‘Busting’.

Valores de tarjeta

1. Todas las cartas numeradas de 2 a 10 se cuentan al valor nominal.

2. Todas las cartas de imagen (Jack, Reina y Rey) cuentan como 10.

3. Un As puede ser 1 ó 11.

Configurar el juego

1. Establece tu presupuesto: te recomendamos que lleves el equivalente de 40 manos a una mesa antes de sentarte y empezar a jugar.

2. Elige tu mesa — Todos tendrán una cantidad mínima y máxima que puedes apostar, elige una en la que puedas jugar una mano alrededor de una cuarenta parte de tu presupuesto. Es decir, si tienes un bankroll de £200, deberías estar buscando jugar £5 por mano.

3. Tome asiento — Usted puede elegir cualquier asiento vacío en la mesa, más de uno si lo desea, y aunque la elección del asiento no hace diferencia en el resultado de una mano dada, el distribuidor comienza desde un extremo cuando se trata y la acción comienza con el primer Jugador a tratar y va alrededor hasta que todo el mundo tiene terminado.

4. Decida cuánto le gustaría cambiar y jugar con él. Estos fondos se cambian a fichas que se utilizan para el juego, usted puede cobrarlos en dinero real y alejarse al final de cualquier mano.

Reglas de Blackjack

1. Haga su apuesta (Recuerde, si hay espacio en la mesa, puede jugar más de 1 mano si lo hace usted tendrá que hacer una apuesta por cada mano que desee jugar).

2. Se te repartirán 2 cartas boca arriba para que todos los demás jugadores y el distribuidor puedan verlas.

3. El distribuidor normalmente reparte 2 cartas para él/ella, 1 boca arriba y 1 boca abajo. Algunas versiones de Blackjack ven que el crupier se da 1 carta sólo en este punto (en este caso, la segunda carta se reparte boca arriba después de que todos los jugadores hayan terminado sus acciones).

4. Ahora necesita decidir su movimiento en cada una de sus manos. Las 2 opciones principales son Golpear o Stand. Golpear significa recibir otra carta. Stand significa que no quieres otra tarjeta y estás satisfecho con lo que tienes. Si usted está de pie, usted no toma ninguna otra acción en la mano, si usted golpea usted tiene la misma decisión que tomar de nuevo después de recibir su próxima tarjeta. A veces hay otras 3 decisiones que puede tomar, Doble, Split y Seguros. Estos se explicarán más adelante.

5. Después de todo, los jugadores han completado sus manos, el distribuidor se reparte cartas hasta que tengan al menos 17. Vale la pena señalar que el distribuidor no tiene voz en lo que hacen, tienen que Golpear hasta que obtienen al menos 17, incluso si todos los jugadores tienen sólo 15 y el distribuidor tiene 16.

6. Una vez que el distribuidor tenga 17, 18, 19, 20 o 21, se levantará. Si él consigue 22 o más, el crupier busts, y todos los jugadores que quedan en la mano ganan.

Como se mencionó anteriormente, hay otras 3 acciones que a veces puede tomar:

Doble hacia abajo

Esto duplica su apuesta (necesita realizar una apuesta más igual que su apuesta inicial) y le da 1 carta más, después de lo cual su mano se termina independientemente de la tarjeta que obtenga. Si ganas, obtendrás el doble de tu apuesta total.

Normalmente sólo se doblará si tiene un 9, 10 o 11 y el distribuidor no tiene un as o un 10. Consulte la tabla a continuación para obtener más detalles.

Dividir tarjetas

Si obtienes 2 cartas del mismo valor, puedes dividirlas y jugar con 2 manos, cada una con 1 de las cartas. Tendrás que pagar una apuesta igual a tu apuesta inicial y recibirás otra carta por cada mano. A continuación, decide por cada mano si golpear o ponerse de pie. Si obtienes 21 después de la división, esto solo cuenta como 21 y no Blackjack. Si divides ases, solo recibirás 1 carta más y luego tendrás que estar de pie. En la mayoría de los casinos, si su segunda carta es la misma que la primera, se le permitirá dividir de nuevo si lo desea.

Seguro de Blackjack

Si el crupier muestra un as como su carta boca arriba, todos los jugadores tienen la opción de Seguro. Si decide tomar Seguros, realizará una apuesta igual a la mitad de su apuesta inicial. Si el crupier obtiene Blackjack, por lo que la segunda carta tiene un valor de 10, obtendrá el doble de su apuesta, si no pierde la apuesta del seguro.

El juego termina

1. La mano termina para un Jugador cuando tu mano va más de 21, lo que significa que reventas y pierdes tu apuesta, o cuando el crupier completa sus acciones.

2. Una vez que el distribuidor haya completado su acción, los pagos se llevarán a cabo para todos los jugadores restantes que aún estén en la mano.

3. Si usted tiene un total mayor que el crupier y ambos totales son 21 o menos, usted gana la mano y obtendrá el doble de su apuesta. Si usted y el crupier tienen el mismo total, empujan la mano y recuperen su apuesta (a menos que uno de ustedes tenga 21 con sus primeras cartas, conocidas como Blackjack y la otra tenga 21 con 3 cartas o más, en cuyo caso quien tenga Blackjack ganará la Mano). Si el distribuidor tiene un total mayor que usted y ambos son 21 o menos, el distribuidor gana y usted pierde su apuesta.

4. Si el crupier obtiene más de 21 años, rompen y todos los jugadores restantes ganan el doble de su apuesta.

5. Si consigues 21 con 2 cartas, tienes Blackjack, y si el crupier no tiene 21 con sus primeras 2 cartas, obtendrá 1.5 su apuesta de vuelta, así como la apuesta en sí, equivalente a 2,5 veces su apuesta. Si el distribuidor también tiene Blackjack, empujar y obtener su apuesta devuelta.

blackjack rules

Ejemplo de cómo puede verse una mesa de Blackjack, incluyendo detalles de los Pagos.

Definiciones de Blackjack


Golpear significa robar otra carta. Puedes solicitar un golpe tantas veces como quieras, pero si tu total supera los veintiún, te romperás y perderás la mano.


Estar significa que el jugador no recibe más cartas. La mano tal como está actualmente será juzgada en contra de los distribuidores.


Si tienes dos cartas de la misma denominación, aparecerá un botón Dividir. Puedes dividir tus cartas en dos manos y jugar cada mano por separado. Su apuesta original se duplicará para la nueva mano. Cada mano se jugará como de costumbre excepto cuando se dividen ases, donde solo se reparte una carta adicional por mano. La opción de división solo se puede utilizar una vez por mano; no se puede dividir parte de una mano dividida. Cualquier 21 ganadora obtenida después de dividir un par se paga 1 a 1.

Doble hacia abajo

Si seleccionas esta opción, pasarán dos cosas: obtendrás exactamente una carta más, tu turno terminará y tu apuesta se duplicará.


Cuando lo permita (generalmente en una mesa de rendición de Blackjack), un jugador puede renunciar a sus dos primeras cartas y perder sólo la mitad de su apuesta original.

Pagos de blackjack

Si gana la mano, recuperará su apuesta original más la misma cantidad en beneficio. Una mano que consiste en un as y cualquier carta de diez valores se llama veintiuno natural, o un blackjack natural (excepto en el caso de una mano dividida – ver detalles arriba). Si ganas con un blackjack natural, recibirás un pago de tres a dos, lo que significa que recuperarás tu apuesta original más un beneficio del 150%. (Por lo tanto, si apuesta 50£ y gana con una veintiuno natural, obtendrá 50£ (su apuesta) más £75 (su apuesta más la mitad de su apuesta), que asciende a £125).

Probabilidades de Blackjack

Conocer las probabilidades de blackjack te hará un mejor jugador y espero vencer las probabilidades cuando juegas en un casino. Si quieres aplicar cualquier estrategia de juego con éxito, necesitas conocer las probabilidades del juego que estás jugando. No hace falta decir, pero lo diremos de todos modos: las probabilidades siempre están a favor de la casa. ¿De qué otra manera crees que pueden crear mega-casinos de miles de millones de dólares en Las Vegas? Las reglas del Blackjack están cuidadosamente estructuradas para garantizar un borde de la casa. Pero ¿cómo pesan las probabilidades de Blackjack a favor de la casa? Si usted es un jugador inteligente, usted sabe que el borde de la casa no es tan grande como uno podría pensar – y ciertamente no insuperable. Usted será capaz de calcular lo siguiente:

  1. Variaciones de cuotas de blackjack
  2. Probabilidades de reventar
  3. Ventaja del jugador VS distribuidor de la tarjeta de arriba

Variaciones de cuotas de blackjack

Si quieres ser serio acerca de jugar al blackjack, necesitas poder calcular tus probabilidades para el juego que estás jugando. Las probabilidades de blackjack dependen de los diferentes tipos de variaciones de reglas. Algunos sitios de blackjack en línea pueden ser poco claros sobre esto, por lo que debe prestar atención. También puede ajustar su estrategia de blackjack de acuerdo con estas reglas. La siguiente tabla muestra el efecto que tienen las variaciones de regla en el retorno esperado del jugador después de realizar los ajustes de estrategia adecuados. Estos cambios son relativos a las reglas estándar de Atlantic City que resultan en un retorno esperado de un jugador de -0.43%: 8 mazos, el crupier se encuentra en suave 17, el jugador puede duplicar cualquier 2 primeras cartas, el jugador puede doblar después de dividirse y el jugador puede dividirse a 4 manos. Explicaré algunas de las variaciones de las reglas debajo de la tabla.

Variaciones de la reglaEfecto
Cinco cartas Charlie+1.46%
Jugador 21-puntos es ganador automático+0.54%
Entrega anticipada contra as+0,39%
Entrega anticipada contra diez+0,24%
El jugador puede duplicar en cualquier número de cartas+0.23%
El jugador puede dibujar para dividir ases+0.19%
Seis cartas Charlie+0.16%
El jugador puede redividir ases+0.08%
Entrega tardía contra diez+0.07%
Siete cartas Charlie+0.01%
Entrega tardía contra as+0,00%
Dividir a sólo 2 manos-0.01%
No-peek: as mostrando-0.01%
El jugador puede duplicar en 9-10-11 sólo-0.09%
No-peek ten mostrando-0,10%
El jugador no puede volver a dividir-0.10%
El jugador no puede duplicar después de dividir-0.14%
Jugador puede duplicar en 10-11 sólo-0.18%
Blackjack paga 6-5-1,39%
Jugador pierde 17 lazos-1.87%
Blackjack paga 1 a 1-2.27%
Jugador pierde 17-18 lazos-3.58%
Jugador pierde 17-19 lazos-5.30%
Jugador pierde 17-20 lazos-8.38%
Jugador pierde 17-21 lazos-8.86%
Concesionario busto en 22 es un empuje-9.53%

Charlie de cinco, seis y siete cartas:

un Charlie es un ganador automático, así que en un Charlie de seis cartas el jugador gana en cualquier mano de seis cartas que no se rompan.

Regla de no mirar:

El crupier no mira para ver si tiene un Blackjack.

¿Cómo calcular? Comienza con las reglas básicas de Atlantic City (-0,43%) y toma las variaciones de reglas según el juego que estés jugando para calcular el efecto que tiene sobre el rendimiento esperado. Por ejemplo, «El jugador puede duplicar cualquier número de cartas» (+0,23%) y «El jugador no puede volver a dividir» (-0.10%). El retorno esperado del jugador ahora sería -0.43% +0,23% -0.10% = -0.30%. Estas probabilidades de blackjack (-0.30%) son mejores para el jugador que bajo las reglas estándar de Atlantic City (-0.43).

Podbilidades de blackjack de reventar

Esta tabla se utiliza para calcular las probabilidades de blackjack del jugador reventar si golpea. Esto puede ser útil, pero creo que una persona inteligente ya sabe que si golpea en 16 tiene más posibilidades de reventar cuando golpea en 12.

Mano% Busto si se golpea
11 o menos0%

Ventaja Jugador VS los distribuidores arriba de la tarjeta

Esta tabla es más útil que las probabilidades de reventar porque calcula cuánto la carta de arriba del crupier tiene un efecto positivo en sus probabilidades y las probabilidades de que él (el distribuidor) se rompa.

Distribuidor hasta la tarjeta de repartidor bust% Ventaja del jugador/%
10, J, Q, K21,47%-16,8%

Estrategia básica de blackjack

Para Blackjack Estrategia Básica lo primero que debe mirar es las tablas a continuación. Esto tiene detalles de lo que debe hacer para optimizar sus posibilidades con cada versión de su mano inicial frente a la tarjeta visible de los distribuidores.

Es útil que lo recuerdes lo mejor que puedas para darte la mejor ventaja posible frente a la Cámara.

Si tu mano contiene un as, mira el segundo gráfico, si tienes un par del mismo valor, mira el gráfico inferior. Para todos los demás, el gráfico superior es el lugar para mirar.

Gráfico de Blackjack

Utilice este gráfico de estrategia de Blackjack como una hoja de trucos si lo desea. Le ayudará a memorizar qué acciones tomar con la mano de apertura.

blackjack Strategy

¿ Cómo se juega manos duras:

Una mano dura son dos cartas de partida que no contienen un as.

Si tienes ocho o menos, siempre Hit.
Si tienes Nueve: Doble si el Distribuidor tiene 3 a 6 – de lo contrario Hit.
Si tienes Diez: Doble si el Distribuidor tiene 2 a 9 – de lo contrario Hit.
Si tienes Once: Doble si el distribuidor tiene 2 a 10, Golpea si el distribuidor tiene as.
Si tienes Doce: Golpear si el distribuidor tiene 2 o 3, ponte de pie si el distribuidor tiene 4 a 6, de lo contrario Golpea.
Si usted tiene 13- 16: Stand si el distribuidor tiene 2 a 6, de lo contrario, Hit.
Si usted tiene 17 – 21: Siempre de pie.

¿ Cómo se juega manos suaves:

Una mano suave es cuando una de tus manos iniciales contiene un as.

Si tienes As 2 o As 3: Doble si el Distribuidor tiene 5 o 6 – de lo contrario Hit.
Si tienes As 4 o As 5: Doble si el distribuidor tiene 4 a 6 – de lo contrario, golpea.
Si tienes As 6: Doble si el distribuidor tiene 3 a 6 – de lo contrario Hit.
Si tienes Ace 7: Stand si el distribuidor tiene 2, 7 u 8. Doble 3 -a 6 – de lo contrario Hit.
Si tienes Ace 8 o Ace 9: Siempre de pie.

Cómo jugar a los pares

Si tienes un par de ases u ochos: Siempre dividir.
Si tienes un par de dos o tres: Dividir si el distribuidor tiene 2 – 7, de lo contrario Hit.
Si usted tiene un par de cuatro patas: Dividir si el distribuidor tiene 5 o 6 – de lo contrario Hit.
Si usted tiene un par de cincos: Doble si el distribuidor tiene 2 a 9 – de lo contrario Hit.
Si tienes un par de seises: Dividir si el distribuidor tiene 2 a 6 – de lo contrario Hit.
Si usted tiene un par de siete: Dividir 2 a 7 – de lo contrario Hit.
Si tiene un par de nueves: Dividir 2 a 6, y 8 o 9. Estar de pie si el distribuidor tiene 7, 10 o as.
Si usted tiene un par de decenas: Siempre de pie.

Tarjeta de estrategia

Blackjack Strategy Card

Consejos de Blackjack

Tomar seguro o incluso dinero

Blackjack es un juego de apuestas, por lo que cubrir su apuesta y jugar a salvo tomando Seguro o incluso dinero no tiene mucho sentido. En alrededor de 7 de cada diez casos el distribuidor muestra un as que no tendrán blackjack, por lo que la compra de Seguros es una estrategia perdedora a largo plazo y debe evitarse.

Dividir decenas cuando el distribuidor muestra 6

Siempre es una buena idea maximizar sus apuestas cuando el distribuidor muestra un 6 ya que esto les da la mayor oportunidad de Busting, y aunque usted todavía espera ganar dinero si Split (menos de $18 extra por $100), usted puede esperar ganar más de $70 por $100 en apuestas sin hacer nada y de pie en 20. Hay una alta probabilidad de que el distribuidor se romperá, por lo que siempre de pie en un duro 17 o mayor.

De pie en 16 cuando el distribuidor muestra Ace

Estar en 16 cuando el distribuidor tiene un Diez no es tan malo como cuando el distribuidor tiene un as. Hay una buena posibilidad de que se romperá al golpear en 16, pero al menos te das la oportunidad de ganar o empujar la mano, de lo contrario para ganar tienes que contar con el reventador con un as.

De pie en Soft 18 cuando el distribuidor muestra 6

Como se mencionó anteriormente, el distribuidor que tiene un 6 es la mejor mano posible para el Jugador, ya que presenta la mejor oportunidad de reventar al distribuidor. Necesitas, por lo tanto, intentar maximizar tus retornos en esta situación, así que Doble e intenta acabar con una victoria más grande. No puedes reventar tomando una tarjeta más, ¡así que ve por ella!

De pie en Soft 18 cuando el distribuidor muestra 9

Este es uno común, y aunque 18 no es un mal total en Blackjack, cuando el crupier tiene un 9 hay una alta probabilidad de que obtenga un Diez o un As (38% de las veces para ser exactos), así que date la oportunidad de ganar y golpearlo!

Golpeando 11 cuando el distribuidor muestra Diez

Una de las mejores cosas sobre el Blackjack es ser capaz de controlar cuándo poner más dinero sobre la mesa. Si usted tiene un 11 y el distribuidor no consigue más dinero por doblar. Usted puede esperar ganar alrededor de $18 por cada $100 que apuesta, mientras que Golpear sólo le ganará alrededor de $12.

De pie en un 12 cuando el distribuidor muestra 2

Este divide mucho a los jugadores, ya que muchos no querrán arriesgarse a Bastar. Sin embargo, hay un montón de cartas que pueden salvar a un distribuidor que tiene un 2, así que en lugar de esperar que Bust, tome otra carta e intente obtener un total mejor.

Duplicando 11 cuando el distribuidor muestra As

Cualquier vez que el distribuidor tenga un as, debes ser cauteloso. Sólo golpear en lugar de duplicar, no tiene sentido apostar más dinero contra el As de distribuidores.

Golpeando 2/2 cuando el distribuidor muestra 7

Otro importante de nuestros consejos de Blackjack. Los dos son en realidad cartas razonables para empezar con un Jugador. Es probable que el Distribuidor tiene una «mano rígida» o un 17, por lo tanto, Dividir que 2/2 y hacer algo de dinero.

Golpeando 4/4 cuando el distribuidor muestra 6

Hay un consenso en que debes doblar 4/4 contra un 6 para intentar maximizar tus devoluciones ya que el distribuidor tiene una alta probabilidad de Busting, pero te recomendamos que dividas la mano contra un Distribuidor 6. Cuando el distribuidor muestra un 6, generalmente quieres jugar tantas manos como sea posible porque es probable que el distribuidor se romta.

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