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French Roulette Guide: Rules, Strategies & Expert Tips

Jennifer Lynn Written by Jennifer Lynn
Richard Grant Reviewed by Richard Grant

French Roulette

French Roulette IntroductionIt is thought that the standard Roulette game started in France back in the 17th century, although at first there was no 0 on the wheel and therefore the casino had no edge.

French scientist Blaise Pascal is thought to be the pioneer of the modern wheel which finally saw a 0 added in 1842.

For this reason, many consider French Roulette to be the oldest version of the game.

When it spread to the USA, casinos there added a second 0 giving them a better house edge, but French Roulette has always stuck with just the one 0 the same as the European version.

The biggest difference between the French and European versions is that players can make a number of ‘called’ bets in the French version as long as they have enough chips available.

Many players take advantage of the ease of these bets to cover several numbers at a time instead of manually placing chips on individual areas.

French Roulette Rules

Before we look at specific French Roulette rules, let’s take a brief look at the standard rules of Roulette.

As with all other types of Roulette, the aim is to guess the result of a spin of a wheel and which of the 37 numbers will come in.

French Roulette, the same as European Roulette, goes from 1 to 36 with one 0 as well. The 0 is treated differently to the other 36 numbers for all except one type of bet – this is how the casino has their ‘edge’.

French Roulette table

Above you will see the standard layout for a French Roulette wheel and betting area.

You will notice that this aspect is the same as European Roulette, with one 0 and areas to place chips on even money bets such as Red or Black, High or Low and Odd or Even. There are also Column Bets which pay 2 to 1, Single Number bets that pay 35 to 1 and Corner Bets that pay 3 to 1.

You will also see the options in the bottom right for Neighbour Bets and Announce Bets. We will go through these in more detail later on.

When placing your bet/s, the first thing to do is choose the value of each chip. You can change it from one bet to another and each table will have minimum and maximum limits for each type of bet – the smaller the odds, the more you will be able to bet – so when you choose which table to play at, ensure the table limit is suitable for you.

The standard type of bets that can be placed in the French version of Roulette, as well as European and American Roulette, are as follows:

Types of Inside Bets

Straight Up Bets:

This is a bet on a specific number to come in such as 4 or 18. There are 37 numbers to choose from in total – including 0 – these pay out 35 to 1.

Split Bets:

These are bets placed between 2 adjacent numbers such as 23 and 24 or 14 and 15. The chip needs to be placed between the 2 numbers and pays 17 to 1 if either of those numbers come in.

Street Bets:

These are placed at the end of the selected row and pays out 11 to 1 if any of the numbers from that row is a winner. An example would be the row containing 16, 17 and 18. Place a chip half covering the line to the left of the 16 and if any of those 3 numbers win, you get 11 to 1 on your total bet.

Corner/Four Bets:

These cover four numbers – as you would expect – and need to be placed in the corner of a number and covering four numbers in total. In the example above, place a chip over the bottom left of the 11 and it would cover 10, 11, 13 and 14. You would win 8 to 1 if any of these numbers come in.

Line Bets:

This is a bet on 6 numbers covering 2 rows of 3. The chip/s need to be placed to the left of the row, covering half of the left-hand side number and the number below. For example, in the image above, to place a Line Bet for the first 2 rows – so 1, 2, 3 and 4, 5, 6 places a chip covering half the line to the left of the 1 and half the line to the left of the 4. If any of those 6 numbers come in, you win at odds of 5 to 1.

Column bets:

These are placed at the bottom of one of the 12 columns and pays out 2 to 1 if any of the numbers from that column is a winner. Look at the right column in the image above – numbers 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33 and 36 are all present, therefore a bet on this column would pay 2 to 1 if any of those 12 numbers win.

Even Money Bets

These are essentially 50/50 coin flips and will double your money if you win.

You can bet on whether the number will be Red or Black, Odd or Even or High (19 to 36) or Low (1 to 18).

It is worth reiterating at this point that is if a 0 comes in, any Even Money Bets, Column Bets, and Street Bets these will all lose. Line Bets, Corner/Four Bets, Split Bets or Straight Up bets will win if 0 was covered.

Some versions of French Roulette can refund half of the bets on Even Money Bets or leave the bet for the next spin so it is worth checking this before you decide where to play. Details of these can be found below.

French Roulette types of bets

Above you will see an example of all different types of bets and how/where to place them.

French Roulette Specific Bets

The main difference between French Roulette and its European counterpart is the extra bets available to players in the French format.

These have some very French-sounding names as you may expect and each one is completely different.

Voisins du Zero Bet

Translated to English, this translates as “Neighbours of Zero” and therefore is fairly explanatory as to what kind of numbers it covers.

Going from 22 which is 9 to one direction past zero and 25 which is 9 to the other side, this bet is for 9 chips and is a combo of Splits and Corner Bets that cover those numbers.

Voisins du Zero bet

Above you will see an example of the Voisins du Zero bet, note that 2 of the bets are 2 chips, the other 5 single chips giving a total bet of 9 chips.

Le Tiers du Cylindre Bet

The English version on this saying is “Thirds of the Wheel”. It covers 12 numbers opposite the 0, from 27 round to 33. The bet consists of 6 Split Bets covering each of the 12 numbers.

Le Tiers du Cylindre bet

The above is an example of a Le Tiers du Cylindre bet, a Split bet covering all 12 numbers opposite 0 on the wheel.

Orphelins Bet

Translated as ‘Orphans’, this bet is made up of the 8 numbers that are not covered by the 2 bets above.

The total cost is 5 chips made up of 4 Split bets and a single chip covering 1.

Orphelins bet

The number 1 has its own chip as none of the other numbers are connected to it, the other 7 numbers are all covered by at least 1 Split bet – the 17 is covered twice.

Even Money Bets when 0 lands

As we mentioned previously, some versions of French Roulette have different rules for Even Money bets when 0 lands.

En Prison –

If this rule is in play, your bets will remain for the following spin when 0 rolls in. This is the best version of French Roulette as far as the player is concerned as you do not lose any of your bet, you simply get another chance to win on the next spin. If 0 comes in again next spin, the chips will remain until a spin where 0 doesn’t occur, at which point it will either be paid as a winner or a loser.

La Partage –

If the casino you are playing French Roulette has this rule, if 0 rolls in, you will get half your chips back on any Even Money bets but lose the other half. Although this isn’t as good for the player as the En Prison, it is better than losing all of the stakes.

French Roulette Strategy

Whereas some casino games such as Blackjack have an element of skill to them, Roulette – as with Slots – is quite simply a game of chance, nothing more, nothing less.

Therefore, despite what people may tell you, there is no strategy, which can increase your chances of winning on individual bets. You can try using betting strategies, which may help you improve your chances, where you may do better for your overall playing sessions. Here you will find a summary of The Martingale and 1-3-2-6 Staking plan systems .

French Roulette Tips

French Roulette TipsAlways ensure you bet within your means and if you start to feel unhappy then walk away. Don’t go chasing any losses as this is a sure-fire way to lose funds that you cannot afford.

There are 3 slightly different bets within French Roulette – Voisins du Zero, Le Tiers du Cylindre, and Orphelins, these offer simple ways to cover a lot of numbers and give yourself a reasonable chance of getting a return, even if it may not always cover your initial stake. Consider these if you want an easy and fun way to play.

The lower odds bet such as Even Money Bets like Red/Black, Odd/Even and High/Low give you the best chance of getting a return so consider playing these which should ensure you have a good amount of play for your money. Wherever possible play at a casino that has the En Prison rule which means you don’t lose on these bets when 0 comes in, you simply have them again next spin.

The next best thing is if you cannot find a casino that offers the En Prison rule then it is best to find one that offers the La Partage rule – therefore, you lose only half your stake on Even Money Bets as opposed to all of it.

Roulette Related Articles:

Roulette Rules
Roulette Strategy
Real Money Online Roulette

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About the author

Jennifer Lynn
Head of Content
Jennifer Lynn has spent 14 years working in the online casino industry, making her a real expert in the field. She's not just skilled at writing about casinos; she also has a deep interest in online gambling games and is a passionate researcher and player. Jennifer offers her expertise on a range of casino games and the smart strategies to use. But her life isn't all about gambling and casinos. She also loves riding horses and practicing yoga, showing that she knows how to balance her professional interests with personal passions.
Last Updated: May 28, 2024



What is French Roulette?

French Roulette is a variation on the popular Roulette game. It involves placing bets on a number between 0 and 18, or on one of three colors (red, black and green). These numbers bring the roulette wheel fields to a total of 37 (18 red, 18 black, 1 green). Once that is done, a dealer spins a wheel marked with these numbers and throws a ball. If the ball lands on the number or color you’ve bet on, you win the pot.


How is French Roulette different from American Roulette?

The differences are very apparent off the bat. American Roulette has an extra number on the wheel, coming to a total of 38 fields. The American wheel, unlike the French one, has 18 red fields, 18 black fields, and 2 green fields. The green fields are marked by 0 and 00. This increases the house’s advantage and makes the game a bit harder on the players.


Is French Roulette a luck-based game?

There have been debates raging from the game’s inception, as to whether or not the game is luck-based or skill-based. Consensus has never been reached, but many experts agree that Roulette is entirely luck-based.


Can you improve your chances at French Roulette?

Sure. Even though the game is luck-based, there are certain strategies that you can employ to improve your chances of winning a big payout.


What are the most popular strategies to employ in French Roulette?

There are quite a few popular strategies that people have devised over the centuries. One of the most popular strategies is the Martingale strategy. Other strategies include the Fibonacci system, the D’Alembert system, and the James Bond strategy.


What numbers should I avoid in French Roulette?

The obvious one to avoid is the green-tiled 0. There is only one green tile on the board, so the chances of the ball landing on the zero are quite low. However, if you do win on a 0, the payout is greater than average. So, for this reason, high-risk gamblers tend to bet it all on 0.


Why is French Roulette called the Devil’s Game?

Many people believe that the reason for it is because it is based on luck. However, the reason Roulette is called the devil’s game is because the numbers on the wheel add up to the number 666, which is often thought to be the number of the devil.


What is the most commonly bet on number in French Roulette?

The number most people bet on in Roulette is 17. The reason is unknown. The only explanation comes from the fact that quite a few infamous victories from the history of Roulette have been won with a bet on 17.


What color hits the most in roulette?

Red and black are the most common colors to hit on Roulette. There are 18 tiles of each color on the wheel, so you have about an even chance of hitting both.


What color should I avoid in French Roulette?

The color to avoid in French Roulette is green. There is only one green tile, numbered 0, and it more than often results in a loss.

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